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/* -*- mode: c++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */

 Copyright (C) 2004 StatPro Italia srl
 Copyright (C) 2004 Decillion Pty(Ltd)

 This file is part of QuantLib, a free-software/open-source library
 for financial quantitative analysts and developers - http://quantlib.org/

 QuantLib is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 under the terms of the QuantLib license.  You should have received a
 copy of the license along with this program; if not, please email
 <quantlib-dev@lists.sf.net>. The license is also available online at

 This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
 FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the license for more details.

/*! \file exchangerate.hpp
    \brief exchange rate between two currencies

#ifndef quantlib_exchange_rate_hpp
#define quantlib_exchange_rate_hpp

#include <ql/money.hpp>
#include <ql/utilities/null.hpp>
#include <utility>

namespace QuantLib {

    //! exchange rate between two currencies
    /*! \test application of direct and derived exchange rate is
              tested against calculations.
00038     class ExchangeRate {
00040         enum Type { Direct,  /*!< given directly by the user */
00041                     Derived  /*!< derived from exchange rates between
                                  other currencies */
        //! \name Constructors
        /*! the rate \f$ r \f$ is given with the convention that a
            unit of the source is worth \f$ r \f$ units of the target.
        ExchangeRate(const Currency& source,
                     const Currency& target,
                     Decimal rate);

        //! \name Inspectors
        //! the source currency.
        const Currency& source() const;
        //! the target currency.
        const Currency& target() const;
        //! the type
        Type type() const;
        //! the exchange rate (when available)
        Decimal rate() const;

        //! \name Utility methods
        //! apply the exchange rate to a cash amount
        Money exchange(const Money& amount) const;
        //! chain two exchange rates
        static ExchangeRate chain(const ExchangeRate& r1,
                                  const ExchangeRate& r2);
        Currency source_, target_;
        Decimal rate_;
        Type type_;
                  boost::shared_ptr<ExchangeRate> > rateChain_;

    // inline definitions

    inline ExchangeRate::ExchangeRate()
    : rate_(Null<Decimal>()) {}

00089     inline ExchangeRate::ExchangeRate(const Currency& source,
                                      const Currency& target,
                                      Decimal rate)
    : source_(source), target_(target), rate_(rate), type_(Direct) {}

00094     inline const Currency& ExchangeRate::source() const {
        return source_;

00098     inline const Currency& ExchangeRate::target() const {
        return target_;

00102     inline ExchangeRate::Type ExchangeRate::type() const {
        return type_;

00106     inline Decimal ExchangeRate::rate() const {
        return rate_;



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