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inflationcouponpricer.hpp

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/* -*- mode: c++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */

/*
 Copyright (C) 2009 Chris Kenyon

 This file is part of QuantLib, a free-software/open-source library
 for financial quantitative analysts and developers - http://quantlib.org/

 QuantLib is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 under the terms of the QuantLib license.  You should have received a
 copy of the license along with this program; if not, please email
 <quantlib-dev@lists.sf.net>. The license is also available online at
 <http://quantlib.org/license.shtml>.

 This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
 FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the license for more details.
 */

/*! \file inflationcouponpricer.hpp
 \brief inflation-coupon pricers
 */

#ifndef quantlib_inflation_coupon_pricer_hpp
#define quantlib_inflation_coupon_pricer_hpp

#include <ql/cashflow.hpp>
#include <ql/option.hpp>
#include <ql/cashflows/yoyinflationcoupon.hpp>
#include <ql/termstructures/volatility/inflation/yoyinflationoptionletvolatilitystructure.hpp>

namespace QuantLib {

    //! Base inflation-coupon pricer.
    /*! The main reason we can't use FloatingRateCouponPricer as the
        base is that it takes a FloatingRateCoupon which takes an
        InterestRateIndex and we need an inflation index (these are
        lagged).

        The basic inflation-specific thing that the pricer has to do
        is deal with different lags in the index and the option
        e.g. the option could look 3 months back and the index 2.

        We add the requirement that pricers do inverseCap/Floor-lets.
        These are cap/floor-lets as usually defined, i.e. pay out if
        underlying is above/below a strike.  The non-inverse (usual)
        versions are from a coupon point of view (a capped coupon has
        a maximum at the strike).

        We add the inverse prices so that conventional caps can be
        priced simply.
    */
00053     class InflationCouponPricer: public virtual Observer,
                                 public virtual Observable {
    public:
        virtual ~InflationCouponPricer() {}
        //! \name Interface
        //@{
        virtual Real swapletPrice() const = 0;
        virtual Rate swapletRate() const = 0;
        virtual Real capletPrice(Rate effectiveCap) const = 0;
        virtual Rate capletRate(Rate effectiveCap) const = 0;
        virtual Real floorletPrice(Rate effectiveFloor) const = 0;
        virtual Rate floorletRate(Rate effectiveFloor) const = 0;
        virtual void initialize(const InflationCoupon&) = 0;
        //@}

        //! \name Observer interface
        //@{
00070         virtual void update(){notifyObservers();}
        //@}
    protected:
        Handle<YieldTermStructure> rateCurve_;
        Date paymentDate_;
    };


    //! base pricer for capped/floored YoY inflation coupons
    /*! \note this pricer can already do swaplets but to get
              volatility-dependent coupons you need the descendents.
    */
00082     class YoYInflationCouponPricer : public InflationCouponPricer {
    public:
        YoYInflationCouponPricer(const Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>& capletVol
                                 = Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>());

        virtual Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface> capletVolatility() const{
            return capletVol_;
        }

        virtual void setCapletVolatility(
            const Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>& capletVol);


        //! \name InflationCouponPricer interface
        //@{
        virtual Real swapletPrice() const;
        virtual Rate swapletRate() const;
        virtual Real capletPrice(Rate effectiveCap) const;
        virtual Rate capletRate(Rate effectiveCap) const;
        virtual Real floorletPrice(Rate effectiveFloor) const;
        virtual Rate floorletRate(Rate effectiveFloor) const;
        virtual void initialize(const InflationCoupon&);
        //@}


    protected:
        //! car replace this if really required
        virtual Real optionletPrice(Option::Type optionType,
                                    Real effStrike) const;

        //! usually only need implement this (of course they may need
        //! to re-implement initialize too ...)
        virtual Real optionletPriceImp(Option::Type, Real strike,
                                       Real forward, Real stdDev) const;
        virtual Rate adjustedFixing(Rate fixing = Null<Rate>()) const;

        //! data
00119         Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface> capletVol_;
        const YoYInflationCoupon* coupon_;
        Real gearing_;
        Spread spread_;
        Real discount_;
        Real spreadLegValue_;
    };


    //! Black-formula pricer for capped/floored yoy inflation coupons
00129     class BlackYoYInflationCouponPricer : public YoYInflationCouponPricer {
    public:
        BlackYoYInflationCouponPricer(
            const Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>& capletVol
                        = Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>())
        : YoYInflationCouponPricer(capletVol) {}
        virtual ~BlackYoYInflationCouponPricer() {}

    protected:
        Real optionletPriceImp(Option::Type, Real strike,
                               Real forward, Real stdDev) const;
    };


    //! Unit-Displaced-Black-formula pricer for capped/floored yoy inflation coupons
00144     class UnitDisplacedBlackYoYInflationCouponPricer
    : public YoYInflationCouponPricer {
    public:
        UnitDisplacedBlackYoYInflationCouponPricer(
            const Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>& capletVol
                        = Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>())
            : YoYInflationCouponPricer(capletVol) {}
        virtual ~UnitDisplacedBlackYoYInflationCouponPricer() {}
    protected:
        Real optionletPriceImp(Option::Type, Real strike,
                               Real forward, Real stdDev) const;
    };


    //! Bachelier-formula pricer for capped/floored yoy inflation coupons
00159     class BachelierYoYInflationCouponPricer
    : public YoYInflationCouponPricer {
    public:
        BachelierYoYInflationCouponPricer(
            const Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>& capletVol
                        = Handle<YoYOptionletVolatilitySurface>())
            : YoYInflationCouponPricer(capletVol) {}
        virtual ~BachelierYoYInflationCouponPricer() {}
    protected:
        Real optionletPriceImp(Option::Type, Real strike,
                               Real forward, Real stdDev) const;
    };


}


#endif



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