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/* -*- mode: c++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */

 Copyright (C) 2005 Joseph Wang

 This file is part of QuantLib, a free-software/open-source library
 for financial quantitative analysts and developers - http://quantlib.org/

 QuantLib is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 under the terms of the QuantLib license.  You should have received a
 copy of the license along with this program; if not, please email
 <quantlib-dev@lists.sf.net>. The license is also available online at

 This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
 FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the license for more details.

/*! \file pde.hpp
    \brief General class for one dimensional PDE's

#ifndef quantlib_pde_hpp
#define quantlib_pde_hpp

#include <ql/math/array.hpp>
#include <ql/methods/finitedifferences/tridiagonaloperator.hpp>
#include <ql/math/transformedgrid.hpp>

namespace QuantLib {
    class PdeSecondOrderParabolic {
        virtual ~PdeSecondOrderParabolic() {}
        virtual Real diffusion(Time t, Real x) const = 0;
        virtual Real drift(Time t, Real x) const = 0;
        virtual Real discount(Time t, Real x) const = 0;
        virtual void generateOperator(Time t,
                                      const TransformedGrid &tg,
                                      TridiagonalOperator &L) const {
            for (Size i=1; i < tg.size() - 1; i++) {
                Real sigma = diffusion(t, tg.grid(i));
                Real nu = drift(t, tg.grid(i));
                Real r = discount(t, tg.grid(i));
                Real sigma2 = sigma * sigma;

                Real pd = -(sigma2/tg.dxm(i)-nu)/ tg.dx(i);
                Real pu = -(sigma2/tg.dxp(i)+nu)/ tg.dx(i);
                Real pm = sigma2/(tg.dxm(i) * tg.dxp(i))+r;
                L.setMidRow(i, pd,pm,pu);

    template <class PdeClass>
    class PdeConstantCoeff : public PdeSecondOrderParabolic  {
        PdeConstantCoeff(const typename PdeClass::argument_type &process,
                         Time t, Real x) {
            PdeClass pde(process);
            diffusion_ = pde.diffusion(t, x);
            drift_ = pde.drift(t, x);
            discount_ = pde.discount(t, x);
        virtual Real diffusion(Time, Real) const {
            return diffusion_;
        virtual Real drift(Time, Real) const {
            return drift_;
        virtual Real discount(Time, Real) const {
          return discount_;
        Real diffusion_;
        Real drift_;
        Real discount_;

    template <class PdeClass>
    class GenericTimeSetter:public TridiagonalOperator::TimeSetter {
        template <class T>
        GenericTimeSetter(const Array &grid, T process) :
            grid_(grid), pde_(process) {}
        void setTime(Time t,
                     TridiagonalOperator &L) const {
            pde_.generateOperator(t, grid_, L);
        typename PdeClass::grid_type grid_;
        PdeClass pde_;

    template <class PdeClass>
    class PdeOperator:public TridiagonalOperator {
        template <class T>
        PdeOperator(const Array& grid,
                    T process,
                    Time residualTime = 0.0) :
            TridiagonalOperator(grid.size()) {
            timeSetter_ =
                boost::shared_ptr<GenericTimeSetter<PdeClass> >(
                     new GenericTimeSetter<PdeClass>(grid, process));


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