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/* -*- mode: c++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */

 Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003 Nicolas Di Césaré

 This file is part of QuantLib, a free-software/open-source library
 for financial quantitative analysts and developers - http://quantlib.org/

 QuantLib is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 under the terms of the QuantLib license.  You should have received a
 copy of the license along with this program; if not, please email
 <quantlib-dev@lists.sf.net>. The license is also available online at

 This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
 FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the license for more details.

/*! \file linesearch.hpp
    \brief Line search abstract class

#ifndef quantlib_optimization_line_search_h_
#define quantlib_optimization_line_search_h_

#include <ql/Optimization/problem.hpp>

namespace QuantLib {

    //! Base class for line search
00032     class LineSearch {
        //! Default constructor
00035         LineSearch(Real eps = 1e-8)
        : qt_(0.0), qpt_(0.0), succeed_(true) {}
        //! Destructor
00038         virtual ~LineSearch() {}

        //! return last x value
00041         const Array& lastX() { return xtd_; }
        //! return last cost function value
00043         Real lastFunctionValue() { return qt_; }
        //! return last gradient
00045         const Array& lastGradient() { return gradient_; }
        //! return square norm of last gradient
00047         Real lastGradientNorm2() { return qpt_;}

        bool succeed() { return succeed_; }

        //! Perform line search
        virtual Real operator()(const Problem& P, Real t_ini) = 0;

        Real update(Array& params,
                    const Array& direction,
                    Real beta,
                    const Constraint& constraint);

        //! new x and its gradient
00061         Array xtd_, gradient_;
        //! cost function value and gradient norm corresponding to xtd_
00063         Real qt_, qpt_;
        //! flag to know if linesearch succeed
00065         bool succeed_;


    inline Real LineSearch::update(Array& params, const Array& direction,
                                   Real beta,
                                   const Constraint& constraint) {

        Real diff=beta;

        Array newParams = params + diff*direction;
        bool valid = constraint.test(newParams);
        Integer icount = 0;
        while (!valid) {
            if (icount > 200)
                QL_FAIL("can't update linesearch");
            diff *= 0.5;
            icount ++;

            newParams = params + diff*direction;
            valid = constraint.test(newParams);

        params += diff*direction;
        return diff;



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